For the development of gum disease, the main reason for the deposition of bacterial deposits. When gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that affect the jaw bone and the supporting tissue, the teeth can surround expand. Under periodontal diseases all inflammatory diseases of the periodontal apparatus ( periodontium ) understood. Know more about how to repair receding gums at home?
Gum disease in humans
Gum disease is one of the periodontal diseases, which is a collective term for all inflammatory diseases of the periodontium.
To periodontal disease include abnormal processes in the environment from the tooth, the gums and connective tissue fibers of the periodontal ligament and the alveolar process. In the vernacular one understands under periodontopathy " periodontosis," which is however not correct for all tooth bane illnesses correctly, because periodontosis is a collective term for illnesses of the Zahnbett which are not inflammatory. Depending on the cause and course of the dental disease, a distinction between Inflammatory, and noninflammatory epilepsy diseases, where an inflammatory disease is referred to as periodontitis (periodontitis " itis "). The diseases of the periodontal periodontium are referred to as periodontal diseases, as these diseases are mutually or directly infectious and inflammatory changes, so usually in the order plaque, tartar, gingivitis, periodontitis.
Gum disease and gum pain
The beginning stage of gum disease is cálled gum recession. The periodontal disease is an inflammation of the gums (gingiva) and triggered from the attachment apparatus by bacteria and is popularly known as a periodontal disease that in addition to dental caries is the most common cáuse of tooth loss.
Periodontitis, however, are inflammatory processes within the periodontium. Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums due to the plaque deposit on the gingival margin. At this stage of gum disease, there is no gum pain.
The gum disease is due to bleeding gums or bleeding on the tooth or interdental spaces (approximal surfaces). In gum disease, the gums are usually swollen locally. When gingivitis one is rarely at an early stage gum disease by overhanging fillings or as a non-compatibility (allergy) of dental crowns or dental bridges to watch. In the early stage of gum disease, the dentist can be injected locally through the local drug treatment, an antibiotic into the interdental space.
With good dental care, dental prophylaxis and other mouthwashes, this gum disease can be treated quickly and efficiently in the mouth. The ANUG is a special form of acute gingivitis where bacteria invade the gums very quickly and destroy them permanently because ANUG starts suddenly with an acute inflammation that triggers fever and is usually associated with strong halitosis and severe ANUG pain.
Inflammatory gum disease
Gum disease is manifested as inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) or the jaw bone (periodontitis), but this is usually known as periodontal disease, which is a degenerative change of the periodontium.
In the case of gum disease, a distinction can be made between periodontosis or " noninflammatory gum disease " and periodontitis " inflammatory gum disease." Gum disease is chronic and painless, so you do not notice it for a long time. Initially, the gums begin to bleed due to chronic inflammation from undressed plaque. Only with time, the inflammation spreads in the underlying jaw bone and destroys it continuously, so that a periodontal pocket arises.
Untreated Gum disease leads to tooth loosening and premature tooth loss. Local gingival pain does not cause periodontal disease in gum disease, but may also be due to local, local injury from foreign bodies or burns from hot, spicy food or drink. Often the gums are already damaged by a general systemic disease or the chronic intake of medications and thus no longer forms an efficient barrier for the protection of gum pain. In the case of gum, pain can be normal by local treatment with ointments or rinses the gum pain, and local gingivitis are resolved quickly.
Warning signs of gum disease can be:
? Bleeding Gums
? Dark red gums with possibly bluish discoloration
? Swelling of the gums
? Calculus or excessive plaque
? Bad breath
? Gumdrop or gum regressions
Loosening of the teeth
? Sensitivity to touch and sensitivity to pain from the gums
In periodontal diseases, all changes in the periodontium can be subdivided into gingival diseases that affect the mucosa alone or in periodontal diseases where the rest of the structures are also affected.
In periodontal diseases, the inflammatory processes are usually distinguished from the non-inflammatory processes, but diseases can also merge, as they have close physiological relationships. Periodontal disease can occur at all ages and in different degrees of severity.
Signs of periodontal disease can be bleeding gums, Inflamed gums, swollen gums, periodontal pockets, receding gums, wobbly teeth or bad breath. With periodontal diseases - One understands an inflammatory change of the tissue around the tooth caused by bacteria like the gum disease, but especially the jawbone disease.
The periodontal disease is abnormal processes in the area of the tooth or the periodontium including the gums, the connective tissue fibers of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone count.